Pregnancy and Oral health care
Oral health during pregnancy is very essential, to impart good health to both mother and baby. Excessive caries and germs in a mother’s teeth, can be transferred to the baby in the womb.
The hormonal changes occurring during pregnancy can exaggerate the way gum tissue reacts to plaque on the tooth surface, thereby increasing the risk of pregnancy gingivitis (inflammation of gums). If the gum disease is not treated, then it may lead to more serious periodontal (gum) diseases.
It’s best to avoid dental procedures during the first trimester. Dental procedures are safe to do during the second trimester. It’s imperative to avoid dental treatment during the last trimester.
Practice good oral hygiene:
- Brush normally with fluoridated tooth paste twice a day
- When the gums are swollen up, food particles tend to get stuck in the more, so flossing will help remove the debris.
- Vomiting and morning sickness cause a lot of discomfort in the mouth.
- Before brushing it’s good to rinse the mouth with a teaspoon of baking soda in a cup of water to stop the vomitus acid content from attacking the tooth surfaces.
- Use a small headed brush and a bland toothpaste to avoid vomiting.
- In the latter half of pregnancy, gastric refluxes tend to occur. This can be neutralised by the baking soda solution rinsing as mentioned above.
Eat Healthy Food:
Baby teeth begin to form three months into pregnancy. What you eat will affect your baby’s developing teeth.
- Eat a variety of healthy food.
- Avoid food and drinks high in sugar.
- Foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains and dairy products are best.
- Drink water or milk instead of fruit juice or flavoured drinks.
- Maintain a balanced diet with plenty of Vitamin C, Vitamin B12 and calcium for healthy teeth.
Small lumps and swellings can occur on the gums during pregnancy. These are called pregnancy tumours. These are not harmful growths. Depending upon their size and shape, your dentist can decide on excising it during the mid-trimester or post-delivery. They usually tend to disappear aft the delivery. Dental prevention and treatment is a part of perinatal care and should not be ignored.
Get Oral health care:
Visit your dentist to do a check-up. In case of swollen or bleeding gums, scaling and polishing can be done. Doing a scaling & polishing will help remove the deposits on the tooth surface thereby reducing inflammation of gums. Earlier forms of dental caries can be cleared and fillings can be safely done in the second trimester of pregnancy. It’s risky to undergo any major dental surgical procedures, so they are usually postponed to post labour, by prescribing safe painkillers and antibiotics.
Have a dental check – up done soon after delivery. X-rays and nitrous oxide anaesthesia are safe after delivery. Make sure the baby’s mouth is cleaned after breast feeding. Educate yourself on taking care of baby’s teeth with your dentist.
For any queries and clarifications book an appointment with us at Oris Dental Care.