Oral health during pregnancy is very essential, to impart good health to both mother and baby. Excessive caries disease and germs in a mother’s teeth, can be transferred to the baby in the womb.
There are a lot of hormones in action during pregnancy which causes a lot of changes in women health. Mood swings, increase in appetite, vomiting are few morning sickness associated with pregnancy.
These hormonal changes can exaggerate the way gum tissue reacts to plaque on the tooth surface, thereby increasing the risk of pregnancy gingivitis (inflammation of gums), the first stage of gum disease. If the gum disease is not treated, then it may lead to more serious periodontal (gum) diseases.
Small lumps and swellings can occur on the gums during pregnancy. These are called pregnancy tumours. These are not harmful growths. Depending upon their size and shape, your dentist can decide on excising it during the mid-trimester or post-delivery. So there is nothing much to be worried about the small swellings that erupt into the mouth. They usually tend to disappear aft the delivery. Dental prevention and treatment is a part of perinatal care and should not be ignored.
Visit your dentist to do a check-up. In case of swollen or bleeding gums, scaling and polishing can be done. Doing a scaling & polishing will help remove the deposits on the tooth surface thereby reducing inflammation of gums. Earlier forms of dental caries can be cleared and fillings can be safely done in the second trimester of pregnancy. It’s risky to undergo any major dental surgical procedures, so they are usually postponed to post labour, by prescribing safe painkillers and antibiotics.