Wisdom teeth are the last adult teeth to emerge from the gums. In most people, four wisdom teeth are present at the rear end of the mouth in all four corners- two on the top and two on the bottom. A lot of people often choose to have their wisdom teeth removed as they result in painful gums. When wisdom teeth develop at an abnormal position and there is not enough space for them to emerge, it is considered “impacted”. Wisdom teeth usually make their way through the gums during the late teen years or early adulthood.
Impacted wisdom teeth can lead to an increased risk of tooth decay, pain, damage to the adjacent teeth and other conditions. Due to fact that these teeth are hard to clean, they may be more susceptible to tooth decay and infections than other teeth.
You might have symptoms such as prolonged jaw pain, swelling around your jaw, sore gums, bad breath, ear pain, headaches, swollen and bleeding gums, and an unpleasant taste in your mouth when the wisdom tooth gets infected.
How can you know if you have an impacted wisdom tooth?
Your dentist can determine if your wisdom teeth are impacted by evaluating the condition of your teeth and performing X-rays. An X-ray of your mouth can demonstrate the presence of an impacted wisdom tooth, and show any evidences of damage to bone or surrounding teeth.
Tips for relieving wisdom tooth pain:
There are a few home remedies that can be used to relieve wisdom tooth pain before seeking medical attention:
Salt-water rinse – Dissolve a few tablespoons of salt into a glass of boiled water. When the water has cooled, gargle for three minutes and spit it out. Saltwater is known to have natural disinfectant properties. Rinsing the mouth with salt water can help reduce bacteria in the mouth.
Cloves – Due to their numbing action, cloves show potential as a topical pain treatment. Place clove over the affected tooth and close your jaw on it. Make sure to not chew on it. It can be kept until the pain subsides and then spat out. Clove oil can also be used. Wet a cotton wool ball with clove oil and place it on the tooth. Let it remain until the pain reduces.
Onions – Onions contain anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, making them effective in reducing swelling and fighting bacterial infections. Cut a piece of onion and place it on the affected area. Continue to chew until you get some relief and spit it out. Onion juice is released into the gums resulting in reduced inflammation and bacteria.
Teabags – A substance called tannin is present in tea bags. These are known to contain anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties. Make a cup of tea and keep the cup in the refrigerator with the bag left in it. The tea bag can be taken out once the tea is cold and placed in the affected area.
Ice pack – Swelling can be reduced when an ice pack is applied to the jaw. This can relieve pain. Ice has a numbing effect as well. You can hold the ice pack covered with a towel on your jaw for 15 minutes. Take a break for 15 minutes and again continue the process until the pain is relieved.
You can visit your dentist if the pain persists.
When to see a dentist?
Your dentist may suggest removing your wisdom tooth when your impacted tooth causes symptoms like swelling, redness, jaw pain, bleeding gums or other dental problems. The first step in planning a wisdom tooth removal in Dubai is to consult with your dentist or oral surgeon and get your wisdom teeth examined.