Crowns & Bridges are used to replace missing teeth in patients. Depending on the number of teeth to be restored, various options of crowns and bridges are given to patients. They can be done in patients who are as young as 18 to as old as 70 years, as far as the bone and gums are healthy enough to hold the teeth in position.
Dental crowns are used to cover root canal treated teeth, coping of an implant, highly sensitive tooth & to protect fractured or cracked tooth (at enamel level).
There are different types of crowns available ranging from pure metal or alloys, metal fused with ceramic, all ceramic, composites, zirconia etc. Each of the material vary in their strength and durability depending on which the dentist suggest the choice of crowns for the patients.
If a crown needs to be fabricated, an impression is taken on the prepared tooth and sent to lab for processing. Alternatively CAD/CAM digital crowns or CERMAC crowns can also be prepared. These crowns can be prepared in the clinics. These crowns can be made in a single sitting in contrast to the conventional crowns that take about 3 days for lab processing.
Crowns are custom sized and shades can be chosen to match with the adjacent teeth.
Bridges can be of both removable and fixed type dentures. Bridges are used to replace a missing tooth by getting support from the adjacent teeth on either side. Removable dentures can also be used to restore tooth space, but it is not very comfortable for all patients and need more maintenance.
Fixed bridges on the alternative are more convenient and aesthetically pleasing for the patients with little maintenance required. Fixed bridges get the support from two adjacent teeth, so it is necessary to grind either side if the teeth to go for them. Although fixed bridges have a long span of about 1520 years, food impaction, caries underneath the crown, loosening of bridge over the years causing sensitivity and discomfort are some of the disadvantages of them.
Dental implants involves drilling a titanium screw material inside the bony socket, and once bone augmentation is complete, the metal part that is seen inside the mouth is covered by a ceramic or metal ceramic crown, so as to enable normal functioning of the tooth. Multiple implants can also be placed, to replace many missing teeth and fixed dentures can be fixed over the implants to make it more convenient for the patient to perform all the functions of the teeth.
For more enquiries on bridges, book an appointment with us at Oris Dental Centre.